Buildings

BACKGROUND, MONUMENTS (not for examination)
ROMAN basilica: Basilica Ulpia, Rome, Forum of Trajan, c. 112

Late Roman Imperial architecture: Trier, Audience Hall of Palace, c. 300 axial focus

EARLY MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE

Carolingian Architecture (part of the Early Medieval period) crypt development

EARLY BEGINNINGS OF ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE--ITALY

ITALO-BYZANTINE INFLUENCES IN WESTERN FRANCE (initiation at Cahors Cathedral?)

"CLASSIC" SYNTHESES OF ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE--c. 1060-c. 1100

also called "High Romanesque"--large, highly articulated buildings, developed plans

THE PILGRIMAGE ROAD CHURCH TYPE

large cruciform tribune churches with aisled transept, ambulatory plan with radiating chapels, bay division, barrel-vaulted nave, groin-vaulted aisles and quadrant vaulted tribunes; usually ashlar built. Completely articulated structure and volumes, inside and outside. Hemicycle has 3-story elevation with clerestory windows; nave is two-story and lacks clerestory.

CLUNIAC ROMANESQUE, Cluny III as the model

3-story (blind) triforium elevation with clerestory, bay division with fluted pilasters (Neo-Roman decoration), pointed barrel vault with groin-vaulted aisles, pointed arch in arcade and transverse arches.

LATE BURGUNDIAN ROMANESQUE

NORMAN ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE

THE NORMAN CONQUEST--ANGLO-NORMAN ARCHITECTURE

LATE ROMANESQUE DEVELOPMENTS

Further late Romanesque churches

separating line

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Page maintained by Susie Barber.
This page was last reviewed on 6/4/96.